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Algeria is a vast country north west Africa.

Algeria borders the Mediterranean Sea.

Mountains in the north and south with a high desert plateau in between.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Algeria, also known as lines of latitude and longitude, are:-
Latitude - 28 00N
Longitude - 3 00E

algeria
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About

Check the weather in Algiers now.


This is the time in Algiers now


algeria The Algerian flag is two equal vertical bands of green on the flagpole side and white. A red crescent is centred over the two-colours with a red, five pointed start inside its open side. The colors represent Islam (green), purity and peace (white), and liberty (red), The crescent and star are also Islamic symbols.

The capital of Algeria is Algiers.

Algeria is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Algeria is the dinar.

Arabic, Berber or Tamazight are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Algeria to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Algeria is 2,381,740 sq kms which is the largest in Africa.

Algeria has no lakes, rivers and canals.

Algeria has boundaries with 7 countries

  • Morocco 1,900 443 kms
  • Mali 1,359 kms
  • Tunisia 1,034 kms
  • Libya 989 kms
  • Niger 951 kms
  • Mauritania 460 kms
  • Western Sahara 61 kms

Algeria has a coastline of 998 kms which is the 14th longest in Africa.

The highest point in Algeria is Tahat at 2,908 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. algeria
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People

The total population of Algeria is 41.66 million people, making it the 8th largest country in Africa by population.

Of this number 20.56 million are females and 21.10 million are males.

A person from Algeria is called an Algerian.

To be a citizen of Algeria, your mother must be a citizen of Algeria. It is not sufficient to be born in Algeria. You have to live in Algeria for 7 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Algeria, by population are:-

  • Algiers 1,977,663 people
  • Boumerdas 786,499
  • Oran 645,984
  • Tebessa 634,332
  • Constantine 450,097
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. algeriaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

algeria

72.6% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Algeria is 21.5 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Algeria is 4.3 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 17.2 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 20.4 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 28.7 and for males is 28.0. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 9.0. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 11.2. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Algeria spends 7.2% of its total income on health care.

There are 1.83 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 1.9 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

27.4% of the population are estimated as obese.

84.3% of the urban population and 81.8% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

89.8% of the urban population and 82.2% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer, a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Algeria releases 128.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 3rd highest in Africa.
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Education

We have no figures for the mount Algeria spends of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Algeria. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 16 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information about the school terms in Algeria.

73.1% of females and 87.2% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

25.7% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 44.9% are unemployed while with males 22.1% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Algeria is 11.82 million.

algeriaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
11.7% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 64 paved airports in Algeria, which is the 4th highest number in Africa.
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There are 4,175 kilometres of railways in Algeria, the 4th longest in Africa.
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There are 113,655 kilometres of roads in Algeria, which means Algeria is in 6th place for the most kilometres of roads in Africa.
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There are 9 major national newspapers in Algeria.

There are 49.87 million mobile phone users.

8% of the people have a fixed landline.

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17.29 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates