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Argentina is a vast country in the south east of South America.

Argentina has a border on the Atlantic Ocean.

The land is a mixture of mountains, in the west, and plains and plateaus in the east.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Argentina, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 34 00S
Longitude - 64 00W


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Check the weather in Buenos Aires now.

This is the time in Buenos Aires now

argentina The Argentinian flag is 3 equal horizontal stripes of blue, white and blue. There is a yellow sun with a human face in the centre of the white stripe. The blue and white represent the sky and the snow on the Andes Mountains. The sun's features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun

The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires.

Argentina is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 and under 70 must vote. For people aged 16 and 17 it is not compulsory.

The currency in Argentina is the peso.

Spanish is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Argentina to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Argentina is 2,736,690 sq kms which is the 2nd largest in South America.

Argentina has lakes, rivers and canals which total 43,710 sq kms.

Argentina has boundaries with 5 countries

  • Chile 6,691 kms
  • Paraguay 2,531 kms
  • Brazil 1,263 kms
  • Bolivia 942 kms
  • Uruguay 541 kms

Argentina has a coastline of 4,989 kms which is the 3rd longest in South America.

The highest point in Argentina is Cerro Aconcagua at 6,962 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. argentina

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The total population of Argentina is 43.89 million people, making it the 3rd largest country in South America by population.

Of this number 22.19 million are females and 21.70 million are males.

A person from Argentina is called an Argentinian.

To be a citizen of Argentina you must be born in Argentina or one of your parents must be a citizen of Argentina. You have to live in Argentina for 2 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Argentina, by population are:-

  • Buenos Aires 13,076,300 people
  • Cordoba 1,428,214
  • Rosario 1,173,533
  • Mendoza 876,884
  • Tucuman Iasi 781,023
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. argentinaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


91.8% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Argentina is 17.0 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Argentina is 7.5 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 9.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 11.0 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 32.7 and for males is 30.3. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 17.1. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 5.8. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

argentina argentina

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Argentina spends 4.8% of its total income on health care.

There are 3.86 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 4.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

28.3% of the population are estimated as obese.

99.0% of the urban population and 100.0% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

96.2% of the urban population and 98.3% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Argentina releases 202.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 2nd highest in South America.

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Argentina spends 5.5% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in Argentina. Pre-primary (1 year) and primary education is for six years until age 11 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 2 terms and starts in the first week of Marchr and finishes at the beginning of December. There is usually a 2 week break in July.

98.1% of females and 98.0% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

18.3% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 22.8% are unemployed while with males 15.6% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Argentina is 17.71 million.

argentinaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
8.0% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 161 paved airports in Argentina, which is the 2nd highest number in South America.

There are 36,917 kilometres of railways in Argentina, the 2nd longest in South America.

There are 69,412 kilometres of roads in Argentina, which means Argentina is in 5th place for the most kilometres of roads in South America.

There are 6 major national newspapers in Argentina.

There are 60.67 million mobile phone users.

23% of the people have a fixed landline.


30.14 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates