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Azerbaijan is a below average size country in the west of Asia.

Azerbaijan is a landlocked country and has no coastline. It does however have a border on the Caspian Sea.

The land is a mixture of flat lowlands with mountains in the north.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Azerbaijan, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 40 30N
Longitude - 47 30E


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Check the weather in Baku now.

This is the time in Baku now.

wank The Azerbaijani flag is 3 three equal horizontal stripes of sky blue, at the top, red, and green. A crescent and an 8-pointed star in white are centered in the red stripe. The blue band recalls Azerbaijan's Turkic heritage, red stands for modernization and progress, and green refers to Islam.

The capital of Azerbaijan is Baku.

Azerbaijan is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Azerbaijan is the manat.

Azerbaijani is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Azerbaijan to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Azerbaijan is 82,629 sq kms which is the 34th largest in Asia.

Azerbaijan has lakes, rivers and canals which total 3,971 sq kms.

Azerbaijan has boundaries with 5 countries

  • Armenia 996 kms
  • Iran 689 kms
  • Georgia 428 kms
  • Russia 338 kms
  • Turkey 17 kms

Azerbaijan has no coastline.

The highest point in Azerbaijan is Bazarduzu Dagi at 4,466 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. azerbaijan

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The total population of Azerbaijan is 9.87 million people, making it the 28th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 4.98 million are females and 4.89 million are males.

A person from Azerbaijan is called an Azerbaijani.

To be a citizen of Azerbaijan, one of your parents must be a citizen of Azerbaijan or you must be born in Azerbaijan. You have to live in Azerbaijan for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Azerbaijan, by population are:-

  • Baku 1,116,513 people
  • Ganja 313,300
  • Sumqayit 265,150
  • Lankaran 240,300
  • Mingachevir 95,453
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. azerbaijanEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


54.6% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Azerbaijan is 16.2 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Azerbaijan is 7.1 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 23.8 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 25.6 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 33.0 and for males is 29.8. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 23.2.

The elderly dependency ratio is 8.0. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 12.4. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

azerbaijan azerbaijan

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Azerbaijan spends 6.0% of its total income on health care.

There are 3.40 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 4.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

19.9% of the population are estimated as obese.

94.7% of the urban population and 77.8% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

91.6% of the urban population and 86.6% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Azerbaijan releases 35.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 29th highest in Asia.

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Azerbaijan spends 2.6% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in Azerbaijan, with a compulsory year in pre-primary education. Primary education is for four years until age 10 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the middle of August and finishes in the middle of June. There is usually a 3 week break at Christmas and 1 week break at Easter, with a one week break in the middle of the first term.

99.7% of females and 99.9% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

13.4% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 15.8% are unemployed while with males 11.4% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Azerbaijan is 5.12 million.

azerbaijanThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
6.0% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 30 paved airports in Azerbaijan, which is the 21st highest number in Asia.

There are 2,944 kilometres of railways in Azerbaijan, the 17th longest in Asia.

There are 26,789 kilometres of roads in Azerbaijan, which means Azerbaijan is in 25th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.

There are 3 major national newspapers in Azerbaijan.

There are 10.19 million mobile phone users.

17% of the people have a fixed landline.


7.72 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates