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Brunei is a small country on the northern coast of the island of Borneo.

Brunei has a border on the South China Sea.

The land is a mixture of flat, coastal plains with mountains in the east.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Brunei, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 4 30N
Longitude - 114 40E


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Check the weather in Bandar Seri Begawan now.

This is the time in Bandar Seri Begawan now

brunei The Bruneian flag is yellow with 2 diagonal bands running from the top flag pole side. The bands are white, on the top, and black underneath. In the centre of the flag is the Bruneian national emblem.

The capital of Brunei is Bandar Seri Begawan.

Brunei is an absolute monarchy with the Sultan as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Brunei is the Brunei dollar. Brunei is a member of the Commonwealth.

Malay is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Brunei to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Brunei is 5,265 sq kms which is the 47th largest in Asia.

Brunei has lakes, rivers and canals which total 500 sq kms.

Brunei has boundaries with 1 country

  • Malaysia 266 683 kms

Brunei has a coastline of 161 kms which is the 35th longest in Asia.

The highest point in Brunei is Bukit Pagon at 1,850 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. brunei

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The total population of Brunei is 436,620 people, making it the 48th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 220,902 are females and 215,718 are males.

A person from Brunei is called a Bruneian.

To be a citizen of Brunei, your father must be a citizen of Brunei. It is not sufficient to be born in Brunei. You have to live in Brunei for 12 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Brunei, by population are:-

  • Bandar Seri Begawan 64,409 people
  • Kuala Belait 31,178
  • Seria 30,097
  • Tutong 19,151
  • Kapok 4,337
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. bruneiEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


77.2% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Brunei is 17.2 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Brunei is 3.6 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 7.9 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 11.7 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 30.7 and for males is 29.7. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 5.7. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 17.6. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

brunei brunei

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Brunei spends 2.6% of its total income on health care.

There are 1.44 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 2.8hospital beds per 1,000 people.

14.1% of the population are estimated as obese.

We have no figures for the number of Bruneians who have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

We have no figures for the number of Bruneians who have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Brunei releases 8.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 41st highest in Asia.

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Brunei spends 3.7% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Brunei. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and lower secondary education continues till 15 while higher secondary education goes on till 19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college. We do not know yet how much is compulsory.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the first week of January and finishes at the beginning of December. There is usually a 2 week break at the end of March, a 2 week break at the end of May and a 2 week break in September

94.5% of females and 97.5% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

25.4% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 28.1% are unemployed while with males 23.5% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Brunei is 203,600.

bruneiThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
6.90% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There is 1 paved airport in Brunei, which is the 49th highest number in Asia.

There are no railways in Brunei.

There are 2,559 kilometres of roads in Brunei, which means Brunei is in 46th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.

There is 1 major national newspapers in Brunei.

There are 523,453 mobile phone users.

17% of the people have a fixed landline.


306,000 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates