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Chad is a vast country in central north Africa.

Chad is a land locked country with no sea borders.

The land is mostly broad, arid plains in the centre, desert in the north and some mountains in the north west.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Chad, also known as lines of latitude and longitude, are:-
Latitude - 15 00N
Longitude -19 00E

chad
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About

Check the weather in N'Djamena now.


This is the time in N'Djamena now


chad The Chadian flag is three equal vertical stripes of blue, on the flagpole side, gold, and red. Blue represents the sky, hope, and the south of the country, which is relatively well-watered, gold represents the sun, as well as the desert in the north of the country and red stands for progress, unity and sacrifice.

The capital of Chad is N'Djamena.

Chad is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Chad is the African franc.

French and Arabic are is the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Chad to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Chad is 1,259,200 sq kms which is the 6th largest in Africa.

Chad has lakes, rivers and canals which total 24,800 sq kms.

Chad has boundaries with 6 countries

  • Central African Republic 1,556 kms
  • Sudan 1,403 kms
  • Niger 1,196 kms
  • Cameroon 1,116 kms
  • Libya 1,050 kms
  • Nigeria 85 kms

Chad has no coastline.

The highest point in Chad is Emi Koussi at 3,445 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. chad
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People

The total population of Chad is 15.83 million people, making it the 28th largest country in Africa by population.

Of this number 8.00 million are females and 7.83 million are males.

A person from Chad is called a Chadian.

To be a citizen of Chad, both of your parents must be a citizen of Chad. It is not sufficient to be born in Chad. You have to live in Chad for 15 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Chad, by population are:-

  • N'Djamena 721,081 people
  • Moundou 135,167
  • Sarh 102,528
  • Abéché 74,188
  • Kelo 42,533
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. chadEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

chad

23.1% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Chad is 43.0 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Chad is 10.5 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 65.4 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 77.8 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 16.3 and for males is 15.3. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 17.9.

The elderly dependency ratio is 4.9. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 20.3. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Chad spends 3.6% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.05 doctors per 1,000 people.

We have no figures for the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people.

6.1% of the population are estimated as obese.

71.8% of the urban population and 44.8% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

31.4% of the urban population and 6.5% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer, a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Chad releases 0.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 51st highest in Africa.
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Education

Chad spends 2.9% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Chad. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 16 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are waiting information about school terms in Chad

14% of females and 31.3% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in Chad is 5.66 million.

chadThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
We have no figures for the number of the workforce who are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 9paved airports in Chad, which is the 23rd highest number in Africa.
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There are no railways in Chad.
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There are 40,231 kilometres of roads in Chad, which means Chad is in 19th place for the most kilometres of roads in Africa.
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There is 1 major national newspaper in Chad.

There are 6.23 million mobile phone users.

Less than 1% of the people have a fixed landline.

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592,623 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates