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China is a vast country in the east of Asia.

China has a border on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea and the South China Sea.

The land is mostly mountains, high plateaus and deserts in the west and plains and deltas in the east.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of China, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 35 00N
Longitude - 105 00E

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About

Check the weather in Beijing now.


This is the time in Beijing now


china The Chinese flag is red with a large 5-pointed yellow star and four more yellow stars arranged in an arc on the upper flag pole side. Red represents revolution while the smaller stars represent the four social classes. These are the working clas, the peasantry, the urban bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie. The large star is the Communist Party of China.

The capital of China is Beijing.

China is a communist party-led state.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in China is the Renminbi.

Chinese or Mandarin are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in China to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of China is 9,326,410 sq kms which is the 2nd largest in Asia.

China has lakes, rivers and canals which total 270,550 sq kms.

China has boundaries with 14 countries

  • Mongolia 4,630 kms
  • Russia 4,179 kms
  • India 2,659 kms
  • Myanmar 2,129 kms
  • Kazakstan 1,765 kms
  • Nepal 1,389 kms
  • North Korea 1,352 kms
  • Vietnam 1,297 kms
  • Kyrgyzstan 1,063 kms
  • Bhutan 477 kms
  • Tajikstan 477 kms
  • Laos 475 kms
  • Pakistan 438 kms
  • Afghanistan 91 kms

China has a coastline of 14,500 kms which is the 5th longest in Asia.

The highest point in China is Mount Everest 8,848 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. china
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People

The total population of China is 1,384.69 million people, making it the largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 667.21 million are females and 706.33 million are males.

A person from China is called Chinese.

To be a citizen of China, one of your parents must be a citizen of China. It is not sufficient to be born in China. It is not really possible to begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in China, by population are:-

  • Shanghai 22,315,474 people
  • Beijing 11,716,620
  • Tianjin 11,090,314
  • Guangzhou 11,071,224
  • Shenzhen 10,358,381
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. chinaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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55.6% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in China is 12.4 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in China is 7.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 12.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 12.4 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 38.4 and for males is 36.5. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 13.3. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 7.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



China spends 5.5% of its total income on health care.

There are 1.49 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 3.8 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

6.2% of the population are estimated as obese.

97.5% of the urban population and 93.0% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

86.6% of the urban population and 63.7% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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China releases 568.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 2nd highest in Europe.
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Education

We are awaiting figures for the amount China spends of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in China. Primary education is for five years until age 11 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 17. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information about school terms in China.

94.5% of females and 98.2% of males able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in China is 806.7 million.

chinaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
4.0% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 463 paved airports in China, which is the 2nd highest number in Asia.
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There are 124,000 kilometres of railways in China, the longest in Asia.
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There are 4,046,300 kilometres of roads in China, which means China is in 2nd place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 7 major national newspapers in China.

There are 1,474.10 million mobile phone users.

14% of the people have a fixed landline.

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730.72 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates