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Cyprus is a disputed island country off the coast of western Asia. Some people, including Cypriots, view it as part of Europe. Since 1974 the northern third of the island has been occupied by Turkey. Our figures are, unless otherwise stated, a combined total for the whole island.

Cyprus has a border on the Mediterranean Sea.

The land is a mixture of mountains and plains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Cyprus, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 35 00N
Longitude - 33 00E

cyprus
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About

Check the weather in Ercan now. Ercan is about 20 kms east of Nicosia.


This is the time in Nicosia now


cyprus The Cypriot flag is white with a copper coloured outline map of the island in the centre. Below the map are two crossed olive branches. Cyprus is known for its copper deposits. The Turkish Cypriot flag is different.

The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia.

Cyprus is a presidential democracy with a president as head of state and head of the government. This applies in both areas.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Cyprus is the euro. In the Turkish Area it is the Turkish lira. Cyprus is a member of the European Union, having joined in 2004. Cyprus is also a member of the Commonwealth.

Greek and Turkish are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Cyprus to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Cyprus is 9,241 sq kms which is the 45th largest in Asia.

Cyprus has lakes, rivers and canals which total 10 sq kms.

Cyprus has no boundaries with other countries

Cyprus has a coastline of 648 kms which is the 23rd longest in Asia.

The highest point in Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,951 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. cyprus
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People

The total population of Cyprus is 1.21 million people, making it the 46th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 0.59 million are females and 0.62 million are males.

A person from Cyprus is called a Cypriot.

To be a citizen of Cyprus, one of your parents must be a citizen of Cyprus. It is not sufficient to be born in Cyprus. You have to live in Cyprus for 7 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Cyprus, by population are:-

  • Nicosia (Greek Area) 200,452 people
  • Limassol (Greek Area) 154,000
  • Larnaca (Greek Area) 72,000
  • Famagusta (Turkish Area) 42,526
  • Paphos (Greek Area) 35,961
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. cyprusEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

cyprus

66.9% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Cyprus is 11.4 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Cyprus is 6.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 6.6 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 9.6 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 38.3 and for males is 35.5. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 28.8.

The elderly dependency ratio is 18.3. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 5.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

cyprus cyprus
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health



Cyprus spends 7.4% of its total income on health care.

There are 2.33 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 3.5 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

21.8% of the population are estimated as obese.

100% of Cypriots have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

100% of Cypriots have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Cyprus releases 9.1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 39th highest in Asia.
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Education

Cyprus spends 6.1% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Cyprus. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the second week of September and finishes in the third week in June. There is usually a 2 week break at Christmas and Easter.

98.7% of females and 99.5% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

29.1% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 31.8% are unemployed while with males 25.8% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Cyprus is 426,600.

cyprusThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
11.8% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



/>There are 13 paved airports in Cyprus, which is the 35th highest number in Asia.
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There are no railways in Cyprus.
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There are 8,546 kilometres of roads in Cyprus, which means Cyprus is in 32nd place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 4 major national newspapers in Cyprus.

There are 1.13 million mobile phone users.

27% of the people have a fixed landline.

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915,036 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates