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Haiti is a country in the south of North America. It shares an island with the Dominican Republic.

Haiti has a border on the west and south with the Caribbean Sea and on the north with the Atlantic Ocean.

The land is mainly mountains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Haiti, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 19 00N
Longitude - 72 25W

haiti
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About

Check the weather in Port-au-Prince now.


This is the time in Port-au-Prince now


haiti The Haitian flag is 2 equal horizontal stripes of blue, at the top, and red. A white rectangle in the centre of the flag bears the Haitian coat of arms. The coat of arms is a palm tree flanked by flags and 2 cannon. Below this is a scroll saying L'union Fait La Force, which means Union is Strength.

The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.

Haiti is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Haiti is the gourde.

French and Creole are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Haiti to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Haiti is 27,560 sq kms which is the 11th largest in North America.

Haiti has lakes, rivers and canals which total 190 sq kms.

Haiti has boundaries with 1 country

  • Dominican Republic 376 kms

Haiti has a coastline of 1,771 kms which is the 7th longest in North America.

The highest point in Haiti is Chaine de la Selle at 2,680 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. haiti
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People

The total population of Haiti is 10.49 million people, making it the 7th largest country in North America by population.

Of this number 5.30 million are females and 5.19 million are males.

A person from Haiti is called a Haitian.

To be a citizen of Haiti, one of your parents must be a native-born citizen of Haiti. It is not sufficient to be born in Haiti. You have to live in Haiti for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Haiti, by population are:-

  • Port-au-Prince 1,234,742 people
  • Delmas 382,920
  • Petionville 283,052
  • Port-de-Paix 250,000
  • Croix-des-Bouquets 229,127
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. haitiEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

haiti

58.6% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Haiti is 23.3 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Haiti is 7.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 41.8 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 54.6 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 22.8 and for males is 22.4. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 22.7.

The elderly dependency ratio is 7.5. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 13.3. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

haiti haiti
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health



Haiti spends 7.6% of its total income on health care.

We have no figures for the number of doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 1.3 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

22.7% of the population are estimated as obese.

64.9% of the urban population and 47.6% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

33.6% of the urban population and 19.2% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



haiti

Haiti releases 2.1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 16th highest in North America.
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Education

We have no figures for the amount Haiti spends on education.

The education system in Haiti was badly affected by the 2010 earthquake and is also undergoing some changes. At the moment, children usually start school at age 5 in Haiti. Primary education is for six years until age 11 and compulsory secondary education must continue till 14 but can continue for a further 3 years. This may be followed by further education at a university or college but at present only 1% of all pupils enrol for this.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the first week of September and finishes at the end of June. There is usually a 2 week break at Christmas and a 1 week break at Easter.

57.3% of femals and 64.3% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work. Among females 14.6% are unemployed while with males 19.5% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Haiti is 4.59 million.

haitiThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
40.6% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 4 paved airports in Haiti, which is the 16th highest number in North America.
haiti

There are no railways in Haiti.
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There are 768 kilometres of roads in Haiti, which means Haiti is in 17th place for the most kilometres of roads in North America.
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There are 2 major national newspapers in Haiti.

There are 7.41 million mobile phone users.

Under 1% of the people have a fixed landline.

haiti

1.23 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates