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The Tudors

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Indonesia is a vast country made up of a collection of thousands of islands. It shares some islands with other countries..

Indonesia is between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

The land is a mixture of coastal lowlands while the larger islands have mountains inland.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Indonesia, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 5 00S.
Longitude - 120 00E


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Check the weather in Jakarta now.

This is the time in Jakarta now

indonesia The Indonesian flag is 2 horizontal stripes of red on top and white underneath. Red represents courage while white is for purity.

The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta.

Indonesia is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 17 can vote while married people of any age can also vote.

The currency in Indonesia is the rupiah.

Indonesian is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Indonesia to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Indonesia is 1,811,569 sq kms which is the 6th largest in Asia.

Indonesia has lakes, rivers and canals which total 93,000 sq kms.

Indonesia has boundaries with 3 countries

  • Malaysia 1,881 kms
  • Papua New Guinea 824 kms
  • East Timor 253 kms

Indonesia has a coastline of 54,716 kms which is the longest in Asia.

The highest point in Indonesia is Puncak Jaya at 4,884 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. indonesia

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The total population of Indonesia is 258.32 million people, making it the 3rd largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 129.08 million are females and 129.24 million are males.

A person from Indonesia is called a Indonesian.

To be a citizen of Indonesia, one of your parents must be a citizen of Indonesia. It is not sufficient to be born in Indonesia. You have to live in Indonesia for a continous period of 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Indonesia, by population are:-

  • Jakarta on Jakarta 8,540121 people
  • Surabaya on East Java 2,374,658
  • Medan on North Sumatra 1,750,971
  • Bandung on West Java 1,699,719
  • Bekasi on West Java 1,520,119
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. indonesiaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


53.7% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Indonesia is 16.4 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Indonesia is 6.4 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 19.2 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 27.5 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 30.8 and for males is 29.6. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 22.8.

The elderly dependency ratio is 7.6. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 13.2. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

indonesia indonesia

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Indonesia spends 2.8% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.2 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 0.9 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

6.9% of the population are estimated as obese.

94.2% of the urban population and 79.5% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

72.3% of the urban population and 47.5% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Indonesia releases 442.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 9th highest in Asia.

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Indonesia spends 3.3% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 7 in Indonesia. Primary education is for six years until age 13 and secondary education must continue till 16 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 2 terms and starts in the middle of July and finishes in the middle of June. There is usually a 2 week break at Christmas.

93.6% of females and 97.2% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

13.4% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 13.3% are unemployed while with males 13.5% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Indonesia is 126.10 million.

indonesiaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
5.4% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 186 paved airports in Indonesia, which is the 5th highest number in Asia.

There are 8,159 kilometres of railways in Indonesia, the 9th longest in Asia.

There are 96,036 kilometres of roads in Indonesia, which means Indonesia is in 14th place for the most kilometres of roads in Europe.

There are 7 major national newspapers in Indonesia.

There are 385.57 million mobile phone users.

4% of the people have a fixed landline.


65.52 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates