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Iraq is a large in the south west of Asia.

Iraq has a small border on the Persian Gulf.

The land is a mixture of flat plains and flooded areas togther with mountains in the north and east.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Iraq, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 33 00N
Longitude - 44 00E

iraq
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About

Check the weather in Baghdad now.


This is the time in Baghdad now


iraq The Iraqi flag is 3 equal horizontal stripes of red, at the top, white and black. The words "God is great", in Arabic script, is written in gree in the centre of the white band

The capital of Iraq is Baghdad.

Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Iraq is the Iraqi dinar.

Arabic and Kurdish are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Iraq to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Iraq is 437,367 sq kms which is the 16th largest in Asia.

Iraq has lakes, rivers and canals which total 950 sq kms.

Iraq has boundaries with 6 countries

  • Iran 1,599 kms
  • Saudi Arabia 811 kms
  • Syria 599 kms
  • Turkey 367 kms
  • Kuwait 254 kms
  • Jordan 179 kms

Iraq has a coastline of 58 kms which is the 36th longest in Asia.

The highest point in Iraq is Cheekah Dar at 3,611 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. iraq
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People

The total population of Iraq is 38.15 million people, making it the 15th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 18.89 million are females and 19.26 million are males.

A person from Iraq is called a Iraqi.

To be a citizen of Iraq, one of your parents must be a citizen of Iraq. It is not sufficient to be born in Iraq. You have to live in Iraq for 10 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Iraq, by population are:-

    Baghdad 7,216,000 people
  • Basra 2,600,000
  • Mosul 1,739,800
  • Erbil 932,800
  • Abu Ghraib 900,000
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. iraqEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

iraq

69.5% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Iraq is 30.9 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Iraq is 3.8 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 34.2 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 40.6 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 20.3 and for males is 19.8. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 5.5. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 18.3. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

iraq iraq
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health



Iraq spends 5.5% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.61 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 1.3 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

30.4% of the population are estimated as obese.

93.8% of the urban population and 70.1% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

86.4% of the urban population and 83.8% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



iraq

Iraq releases 137.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 17th highest in Asia.
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Education

We have no figures for the amount Iraq spends of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Iraq. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and the amount of compulsory education. Secondary education can continue till age 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information on school terms in Iraq.

73.7% of females and 83.7% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in Iraq is 8.90 million.

iraqThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
16.0% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 72 paved airports in Iraq, which is the 11th highest number in Asia.
iraq

There are 2,272 kilometres of railways in Iraq, the 20th longest in Asia.
iraq

There are 59,623 kilometres of roads in Iraq, which means Iraq is in 17th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 4 major national newspapers in Iraq.

There are 30.2 million mobile phone users.

5% of the people have a fixed landline.

iraq

8.10 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates