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Israel is a below average size country in the south west of Asia.

Israel has a border on the Mediterranean Sea.

The land is a mixture of deserts and plains with some central mountains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Israel, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 31 30N
Longitude - 34 45E

israel
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About

Check the weather in Tel Aviv now.


This is the time in Tel Aviv now


israel />The Israeli flag is white with two equal horizontal stripes of blue near the top and the bottom. The exact shade of blue has never been officially set. In the centre of the middle white band is the 6-pointed star of David

The capital of Israel is Tel Aviv.

Israel is a parliamentary democracy with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Israel is the Israeli new shekel.

Hebrew is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Israel to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Israel is 20,330 sq kms which is the 40th largest in Asia.

Israel has lakes, rivers and canals which total 440 sq kms.

Israel has boundaries with 6 countries

  • West Bank (Palestine) 330 kms
  • Jordan 307 kms
  • Egypt 208 kms
  • Syria 83 kms
  • Lebanon 81 kms
  • Gaza Strip (Palestine) 59 kms

Israel has a coastline of 273 kms which is the 30th longest in Asia.

The highest point in Israel is Har Meron 1,208 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. israel
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People

The total population of Israel is 8.17 million people, making it the 31st largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 4.07 million are females and 4.10 million are males.

A person from Israel is called a Israeli.

To be a citizen of Israel, one of your parents must be a citizen of Israel. It is not sufficient to be born in Israel. You have to live in Israel for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship. However Israeli law says citizenship can be given to any person born of a Jewish mother or someone who has converted to Judaism and renounced any other religion. In 1970 this law was extended to wives, children, grandchildren and their spouses.

The largest five cities in Israel, by population are:-

  • Jerusalem 801,000 people
  • Tel Aviv 432,892
  • Haifa 267,300
  • Ashdod 224,656
  • Rishon LeZiyyon 220,492
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. israelEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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92.1% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Israel is 18.3 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Israel is 5.2 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 3.5 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 3.5 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 30.6 and for males is 29.3. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 27.6.

The elderly dependency ratio is 18.4. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 5.4. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

israel israel
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health



Israel spends 7.8% of its total income on health care.

There are 3.34 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 3.3 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

26.1% of the population are estimated as obese.

100% of Israelis have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

100% of Israelis have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Israel releases 62.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 25th highest in Asia.
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Education

Israel spends 5.9% of its total income on education.

We are waiting for information about schools in Israel

We are waiting for information about school terms in Israel

96.8% of females and 98.7% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

7.3% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 7.8% are unemployed while with males 6.7% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Israel is 4.02 million.

israelThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
4.3% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 26 paved airports in Israel, which is the 22nd highest number in Asia.
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There are 11,268 kilometres of railways in Israel, the 27th longest in Asia.
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There are 49,873 kilometres of roads in Israel, which means Israel is in 27th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 4 major national newspapers in Israel.

There are 10.57 million mobile phone users.

41% of the people have a fixed landline.

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6.52 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates