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Kazakstan is a vast country in central Asia.

Kazakstan is a landlocked country and has no coastal border.

The land is a mixture of mountains, deserts and plains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Kazakstan, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 48 00N
Longitude - 68 00E


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Check the weather in Nur-Sultan now. Nur-Sultan was known as Astana until March 2019.

This is the time in Nur-Sultan now.

kazakhstan The Kazakhstan flag is sky blue with a 32 rays gold sun above a soaring golden eagle. On the flag pole side is annational ornamental pattern in gold.

The capital of Kazakhstan is Nur-Sultan. The name was changed from Astana in March 2019 to honour the ex-President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Kazakhstan is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Kazakhstan is the tenge

Kazakh and Russian are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Kazakhstan to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Kazakhstan is 2,699,700 sq kms which is the 4th largest in Asia.

Kazakhstan has lakes, rivers and canals which total 25,200 sq kms.

Kazakhstan has boundaries with 5 countries

  • Russia 7,644 kms
  • Uzbekistan 2,330 kms
  • China 1,765 kms
  • Kyrgyzstan 1,212 kms
  • Turkmenistan 413 kms

Kazakhstan has no coastline.

The highest point in Kazakhstan is Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri) at 6,995 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. kazakhstan

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The total population of Kazakhstan is 18.36 million people, making it the 25th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 9.59 million are females and 8.77 million are males.

A person from Kazakhstan is called a Kazakhstani.

To be a citizen of Kazakhstan, one of your parents must be a citizen of Kazakhstan. It is not sufficient to be born in Kazakhstan. You have to live in Kazakhstan for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Kazakhstan, by population are:-

  • Almaty 2,000,900 people
  • Karaganda 451,800
  • Shymkent 414,032
  • Taraz 358,153
  • Astana 345,604
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. kazakhstanEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


57.4% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Kazakhstan is 17.5 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Kazakhstan is 8.2 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 16.6 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 21.6 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 32.2 and for males is 29.7. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 25.0.

The elderly dependency ratio is 10.2. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 9.8. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

kazakhstan kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan spends 4.4% of its total income on health care.

There are 3.27 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 6.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

21.0% of the population are estimated as obese.

99.4% of the urban population and 85.6% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

97.0% of the urban population and 98.1% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer, a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Kazakhstan releases 199.00 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 15th highest in Asia.

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Kazakhstan spends 3.0% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 7 in Kazakhstan. Primary education is for four years until age 11 and secondary education must continue till 16 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information about shool terms in Kazakhstan

99.8% of males and 99.8% of females able to read and write by the age of 15.

3.9% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 4.3% are unemployed while with males 3.6% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Kazakhstan is 8.97 million.

kazakhstanThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
5.0% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 63 paved airports in Kazakhstan, which is the 14th highest number in Asia.

There are 16,104 kilometres of railways in Kazakhstan, the 5th longest in Asia.

There are 87,140 kilometres of roads in Kazakhstan, which means Kazakhstan is in 13th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.

There are 6 major national newspapers in Kazakhstan.

There are 26.47 million mobile phone users.

20% of the people have a fixed landline.


14.10 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates