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Mongolia is a vast country in the centre of Asia.

Mongolia is a landlocked country and has no coastal borders.

The land is a mixture of mountains and deserts

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Mongolia, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 46 00N
Longitude - 105 00E

mongolia
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About

Check the weather in Ulaanbaatar now.


This is the time in Ulaanbaatar now


mongolia The Mongolian flag is 3 equal vertical stripes of red, on the flag pole side, blue, and red again. In the centre of the first red stripe is the national symbol.

The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar.

Mongolia is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Mongolia is the togrog.

Mogolian is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Mongolia to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Mongolia is 1,553,556 sq kms which is the 7th largest in Asia.

Mongolia has lakes, rivers and canals which total 10,560 sq kms.

Mongolia has boundaries with 2 countries

  • China 4,630 kms
  • Russia 3,452 kms

Mongolia has no coastline.

The highest point in Mongolia is Nayramadlin Orgil at 4,374 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. mongolia
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People

The total population of Mongolia is 3.03 million people, making it the 41st largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 1.55 million are females and 1.48 million are males.

A person from Mongolia is called a Mongolian.

To be a citizen of Mongolia, one of your parents must be a citizen of Mongolia and you be born in Mongolia. If born outside Mongolia then both parents must be citizens of Mongolia. It is not sufficient to be born in Mongolia. You have to live in Mongolia for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Mongolia, by population are:-

  • Ulaanbaator 844,818 people
  • Erdenet 79,647
  • Darhan 74,300
  • Khovd 30,500
  • Olgii 28,400
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. mongoliaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

mongolia

68.4% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Mongolia is 19.6 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Mongolia is 6.3 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 18.5 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 24.9 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 29.2 and for males is 27.5. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 20.5.

The elderly dependency ratio is 5.8. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 17.3. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Mongolia spends 4.7% of its total income on health care.

There are 2.84 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 6.8 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

20.6% of the population are estimated as obese.

66.4% of the urban population and 59.2% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

66.4% of the urban population and 42.6% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Mongolia releases 14.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 36th highest in Asia.
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Education

Mongolia spends 4.6% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Mongolia. Primary education is for five years until age 11 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 17/18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information about the school terms in Mongolia.

98.6% of females and 98.2% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

20.8% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 22.1% are unemployed while with males 20.0% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Mongolia is 1.24 million.

mongoliaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
8.0% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 15 paved in Mongolia, which is the 33rd highest number in Asia.
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There are 1,815 kilometres of railways in Mongolia, the 22nd longest in Asia.
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There are 4,800 kilometres of roads in Mongolia, which means Mongolia is in 39th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 4 major national newspapers in Mongolia.

There are 3.37 million mobile phone users.

7% of the people have a fixed landline.

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0.67 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates