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Pakistan is a vast country in the centre of southern mainland Asia.

Pakistan has a border on the Arabian Sea.

The land is made up of the northern highlands, the Indus river plain in the centre and a plateau in the south and west.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Pakistan, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 30 00N
Longitude - 70 00E

pakistan
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About

Check the weather in Islamabad now.


This is the time in Islamabad now


pakistan The Pakistani flag is green with a vertical white stripe on the flag pole side. In the centre of the green part is a large white crescent and star.

The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad.

Pakistan is federal parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Pakistan is the Pakistani Rupee. Pakistan is a member of the Commonwealth.

Urdu and English are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Pakistan to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Pakistan is 770,875 sq kms which is the 9th largest in Asia.

Pakistan has lakes, rivers and canals which total 25,220 sq kms.

Pakistan has boundaries with 4 countries

  • India 3,190 kms
  • Afghanistan 2,670 kms
  • Iran 959 kms
  • China 438 kms

Pakistan has a coastline of 1,046 kms which is the 21st longest in Asia.

The highest point in Pakistan is K2 at 8,611 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. pakistan
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People

The total population of Pakistan is 201.82 million people, making it the 4th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 98.11 million are females and 103.71 are males.

A person from Pakistan is called a Pakistani.

To be a citizen of Pakistan, one of your parents must be a citizen of Pakistan. It is also sufficient to be born in Pakistan. You have to live in Pakistan for 4 of the previous 7 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Pakistan, by population are:-

  • Karachi 11,624,219 people
  • Lahore 6,310,888
  • Faisalabad 2,506,595
  • Rawalpindi 1,743,101
  • Multan 1,437,230
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. pakistanEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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38.8% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Pakistan is 22.3 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Pakistan is 6.4 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 50.6 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 57.0 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 23.8 and for males is 23.7. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 23.4.

The elderly dependency ratio is 7.4. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 13.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Pakistan spends 2.3% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.86 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 0.6 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

8.6% of the population are estimated as obese.

93.9% of the urban population and 89.9% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

83.1% of the urban population and 51.1% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Pakistan releases 145.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 15th highest in Asia.
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Education

Pakistan spends 2.7% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in Pakistan. Primary education is for five years until age 10 and secondary education must continue till 17. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts at the end of August and finishes at the end of May. There is usually a 2 week break at Christmas and a one week break at the beginning of November and April.

45.8% of females and 69.5% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

6.6% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 9.4% are unemployed while with males 5.7% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Pakistan is 63.89 million.

pakistanThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
6.0% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 108 paved airports in Pakistan, which is the 7th highest number in Asia.
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There are 11,881 kilometres of railways in Pakistan, the 7th longest in Asia.
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There are 185,063 kilometres of roads in Pakistan, which means Pakistan is in 7th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 10 major national newspapers in Pakistan.

There are 136.49 million mobile phone users.

2% of the people have a fixed landline.

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31.34 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates