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Russia is a vast country covering the whole of the north of Asia.

Russia has a border on the Arctic and Pacific Oceans.

The land is so vast it covers most types of terrain found on our planet.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Russia, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 60 00N
Longitude - 100 00E

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About

Check the weather in Moscow now.


This is the time in Moscow now


russia The Russian flag is 3 equal horizontal stripes of white, at the top, blue and red.

The capital of Russia is Moscow.

Russia is a semi-presidential federation with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Russia is the ruble.

Russian is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Russia to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Russia is 16,377,7421 sq kms which is the largest in Asia.

Russia has lakes, rivers and canals which total 720,500 sq kms.

Russia has boundaries with 14 countries

  • Kazakhstan 7,644 kms
  • China 4,179 kms
  • Mongolia 3,452 kms
  • Ukraine 1,944 kms
  • Belarus 1,312 kms
  • Finland 1,309 kms
  • Georgia 894 kms
  • Azerbaijan 338 kms
  • Latvia 332 kms
  • Estonia 324 kms
  • Lithuania 261 kms
  • Poland 210 kms
  • Norway 191 kms
  • North Korea 18 kms

Russia has a coastline of 37,653 kms which is the 2nd longest in Asia.

The highest point in Russia is Gora El'brus at 5,642 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. russia
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People

The total population of Russia is 142.35 million people, making it the 6th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 76.49 million are females and 65.86 million are males.

A person from Russia is called a Russian.

To be a citizen of Russia, one of your parents must be a citizen of Russia. It is not sufficient to be born in Russia. You have to live in Russia for between 3 and 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Russia, by population are:-

  • Moscow 10,381,222 people
  • St Petersburg 5.028,000
  • Novosibirsk 1,419,007
  • Yekaterinburg 1,349,772
  • Nizhny Novgorod 1,284,164
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. russiaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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74.0% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Russia is 11.3 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Russia is 13.6 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 6.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 7.1 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 42.5 and for males is 36.6. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 24.6.

The elderly dependency ratio is 19.4. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 5.2. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Russia spends 7.1% of its total income on health care.

There are 4.31 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 9.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

23.1% of the population are estimated as obese.

98.9% of the urban population and 91.2% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

77.0% of the urban population and 58.7% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Russia releases 1726.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 3rd highest in Asia.
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Education

Russia spends 3.9% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Russia. Primary education is four years until age 10 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year starts in the first week of September and finishes at the beginning of June. There is usually a 1 week break at the beginning of January, the end of February and the beginning of April.

99.6% of females and 99.7% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

16.1% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 17.0% are unemployed while with males 15.4% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Russia is 76.53 million.

russiaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
5.5% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 594 paved airports in Russia, which is the highest number in Asia.
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There are 87,157 kilometres of railways in Russia, the 2nd longest in Asia.
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There are 927,721 kilometres of roads in Russia, which means Russia is in 4th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 5 major national newspapers in Russia.

There are 229.13 million mobile phone users.

23% of the people have a fixed landline.

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108.77 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates