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Samoa is a group of islands which form a country in Oceania. The two main islands of Upolu and Savai'i are home to 99% of the population. Together with 2 other countries, Samoa forms a group of islands known as Polynesia.

Samoa is in the Pacific Ocean.

The land is a mixture of narrow coastal plains and inland mountains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Samoa, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 13 35S
Longitude - 172 20W

samoa
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About

Check the weather in Apia now.


This is the time in Apia now


samoa The Samoan flag is red with a blue rectangle in the top flag pole quarter. Inside the rectangle are 5 white stars representing the southern cross constellation.

The capital of Samoa is Apia on Upolu.

Samoa is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government.

In elections everyone over the age of 21 can vote.

The currency in Samoa is the tala. Samoa is a member of the Commonwealth.

Samoan is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Samoa to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Samoa is 2,821 sq kms which is the 7th largest in Oceania.

Samoa has lakes, rivers and canals which total 10 sq kms.

Samoa has no boundaries with other countries.

Samoa has a coastline of 403 kms which is the 11th longest in Oceania.

The highest point in Samoa is Mount Silisili at 1,857 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. samoa
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People

The total population of Samoa is 201,108 people, making it the 8th largest country in Oceania by population.

Of this number 98,067 are females and 102,041 are males.

A person from Samoa is called a Samoan.

To be a citizen of Samoa, one of your parents must be a citizen of Samoa. It is not sufficient to be born in Samoa. You have to live in Samoa for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Samoa, by population are:-

  • Apai on Upolu 40,407 people
  • Asau on Savai'i 6,643
  • Mulifanua on Upolu 4,508
  • Faleula on Upolu 2,592
  • Siusega on Upolu 2,226
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. samoaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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19.1% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Samoa is 20.6 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Samoa is 5.3 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 15.5 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 22.4 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 24.2 and for males is 23.7. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 23.6.

The elderly dependency ratio is 9.3. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 10.8. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Samoa spends 7.2% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.45 doctors per 1,000 people.

We have no figures for the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people.

47.3% of the population are estimated as obese.

97.5% of the urban population and 99.3% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

93.3% of the urban population and 91.1% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Samoa releases 0.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 11th highest in Oceania.
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Education

Samoa spends 5.1% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Samoa. Primary education is for eight years until age 14 and secondary education can continue till 19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 4 terms and starts at the end of January and finishes in the middle of December. There is usually a 1 week break at the end of term 1 in April, a 2 week break at the end of term 2 at the start of July and a 1 week break at the end of term 3 at the end of September.

98.8% of females and 99.1% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

19.1% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 25.3% are unemployed while with males 15.6% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Samoa is 50,700.

samoaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
We have no figures for the percentage of the workforce who are unemployed.
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Travel



There is 1 paved airport in Samoa, which is equal 12th highest number in Oceania.
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There are no railways in Samoa.
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There are 1,200 kilometres of roads in Samoa, which means Samoa is in 7th place for the most kilometres of roads in Oceania.
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There are 2 major national newspapers in Samoa.

There are 134,619 mobile phone users.

4% of the people have a fixed landline.

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58,508 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates