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St Kitts and Nevis are 2 of the Leeward Islands who form one country in the south of North America.

St Kitts and Nevis are both surrounded by the Caribbean Sea.

The land is mainly volcanic mountains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of St Kitts and Nevis, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 17 20N - N indicates north of the Equator
Longitude - 62 45W

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About

Check the weather in Basseterre now.


This is the time in Basseterre now


stkitts The St Kitts and Nevis flag is divided from the lower flag pole corner to the upper far corner by a thick black band which has a yellow border. The two triangles this creates are green at the top and red at the bottom. Two white stars, representing the two islands, are in the black band. The green triangle represents the fertility of the land and the red one the people's struggle from slavery. Yellow shows sunshine and black the African heritage.

The capital of St Kitts and Nevis is Basseterre on St Kitts.

St Kitts and Nevis is a parliamentary democracy with a Prime Minister as head of government. The British monarch is Head of State represented by a governor general.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in St Kitts and Nevis is the East Caribbean dollar. St Kitts and Nevis is a member of the Commonwealth.

English is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in St Kitts and Nevis to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of St Kitts and Nevis is 261 sq kms which is the 23rd and smallest in North America.

St Kitts and Nevis has no lakes, rivers and canals.

St Kitts and Nevis has no boundaries with other countries.



St Kitts and Nevis has a coastline of 135 kms which is the 20th longest in North America.

The highest point in St Kitts and Nevis is Mount Liamuiga at 1,156 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. stkitts
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People

The total population of St Kitts and Nevis is 52,329 people, making it the 23rd and smallest country in North America by population.

Of this number 26,154 are females and 26,175 are males.

A person from St Kitts is called a Kittitian while a person from Nevis is called a Nevisian.

To be a citizen of St Kitts and Nevis you must be born in St Kitts or Nevis or one of your parents must be a citizen of St Kitts or Nevis. You have to live in St Kitts and Nevis for 14 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in St Kitts and Nevis, by population are:-

  • Basseterre on St Kitts 12,920 people
  • Fig Tree on Nevis 2,922
  • Market Shop on Nevis 2,568
  • St Paul's on St Kitts 2,460
  • Middle Island on St Kitts 2,322
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. stkittsEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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54.6% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in St Kitts and Nevis is 13.3 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in St Kitts and Nevis is 7.1 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 11.2 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 6.0 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 34.3 and for males is 34.7. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 12.7. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 7.8. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



St Kitts and Nevis spends 5.1% of its total income on health care.

We have no figures for the number of doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 2.3 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

22.9% of the population are estimated as obese.

98.3% of the urban population and 98.3% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

87.3% of the urban population and 87.3% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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St Kitts and Nevis releases 0.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 21st highest in North America.
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Education

St Kitts and Nevis spends 4.2% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in St Kitts and Nevis. Primary education is for seven years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 17 but can go on to 19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information on the school year in St Kitts and Nevis.

We have no figures for the number of people who are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in St Kitts and Nevis is 18,170.

stkittsThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
4.5% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 2 paved airports in St Kitts and Nevis, which is the 20th highest number in North America.
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There are 50 kilometres of railways in St Kitts and Nevis, the 10th longest in North America.
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There are 163 kilometres of roads in St Kitts and Nevis, which means St Kitts and Nevis is in 23rd and last place for the most kilometres of roads in North America.
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There is 1 major national newspapers in St Kitts and Nevis.

There are 73,000 mobile phone users.

38% of the people have a fixed landline.

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39,000 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates