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Taiwan is a below average size island country in the east of Asia.

Taiwan has a border on the East China Sea, the Philippine Sea, The South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait.

The land is a mixture of mountains in the east and plains in the west.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Taiwan, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 23 30N
Longitude - 121 00E


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Check the weather in Taipei now.

This is the time in Taipei now

taiwan The Taiwanese flag is red with a blue rectangle on the upper flap pole side. The blue rectangle contains a white sun with 12 triangular rays.

The capital of Taiwan is Taipei.

Taiwan is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 20 can vote.

The currency in Taiwan is the new Taiwan dollar.

Mandarin Chinese is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Taiwan to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Taiwan is 32,268 sq kms which is the 38th largest in Asia.

Taiwan has lakes, rivers and canals which total 3,720 sq kms.

Taiwan has no boundaries with other countries

Taiwan has a coastline of 2,567 kms which is the 12th longest in Asia.

The highest point in Taiwan is Yu Shan at 3,952 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. taiwan

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The total population of Taiwan is 23.46 million people, making it the 23rd largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 11.81 million are females and 11.65 million are males.

A person from Taiwan is called a Taiwanese.

To be a citizen of Taiwan, one of your parents must be a citizen of Taiwan. It is not sufficient to be born in Taiwan. You have to live in Taiwan for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Taiwan, by population are:-

  • Taipei 7,871,900 people
  • Kaohsiung City 1,519,711
  • Taichung 1,040,725
  • Tainan City 771,235
  • Banciao 543,322
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. taiwanEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


We have no figures for the number of people who live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Taiwan is 8.4 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Taiwan is 7.3 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 4.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 4.8 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 41.5 and for males is 40.0. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 16.6. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 6.0. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

taiwan taiwan

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We have no figures for this part of our website for Taiwan


Taiwan releases 26.69 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 31st highest in Asia.

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We have no figures for how much Taiwan spends of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Taiwan. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 2 terms and starts in the first week of September and finishes in the first week in July. There is usually a 3 week break at the end of January.

97.3% of females and 99.7% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in Taiwan is 11.78 million.

taiwanThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
3.9% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 35 paved airports in Taiwan, which is the 20th highest number in Asia.

There are 1,613 kilometres of railways in Taiwan, the 24th longest in Asia.

There are 42,969 kilometres of roads in Taiwan, which means Taiwan is in 20th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.

There are 5 major national newspapers in Taiwan.

There are 29.24 million mobile phone users.

59% of the people have a fixed landline.


20.60 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates