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Turkey is a vast country in the west of Asia.

Turkey has a border on the Black Sea the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea.

The land is a mixture of mountains and plains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Turkey, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 39 00N
Longitude - 35 00E

turkey
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About

Check the weather in Ankara now.


This is the time in Ankara now


turkey The Turkish flag is red with a white 5-pointed star in the centre. To the flag pole side of the star is a vertical white crescent moon with the closed side toward the flag pole.

The capital of Turkey is Ankara.

In 2018, Turkey became a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government. This followed a 2017 referendum.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Turkey is the Turkish lira.

Turkish is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Turkey to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Turkey is 769,632 sq kms which is the 10th largest in Asia.

Turkey has lakes, rivers and canals which total 13,930 sq kms.

Turkey has boundaries with 8 countries

  • Syria 899 kms
  • Iran 534 kms
  • Iraq 367 kms
  • Armenia 311 kms
  • Georgia 273 kms
  • Bulgaria 223 kms
  • Greece 192 kms
  • Azerbaijan 17 kms

Turkey has a coastline of 7,200 kms which is the 6th longest in Asia.

The highest point in Turkey is Mount Ararat at 5,137 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. turkey
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People

The total population of Turkey is 80.27 million people, making it the 11th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 39.89 million are females and 40.38 million are males.

A person from Turkey is called a Turk.

To be a citizen of Turkey, one of your parents must be a citizen of Turkey. It is not sufficient to be born in Turkey. You have to live in Turkey for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Turkey, by population are:-

  • Istanbul 14,804,116 people
  • Ankara 3,517,182
  • Azmir 2,500,603
  • Bursa 1,412,701
  • Adana 1,248,988
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. turkeyEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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73.4% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Turkey is 16.0 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Turkey is 5.9 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 16.9 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 19.4 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 31.4 and for males is 30.5. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 22.3.

The elderly dependency ratio is 11.7. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 8.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Turkey spends 5.4% of its total income on health care.

There are 1.71 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 2.5 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

32.1% of the population are estimated as obese.

100% of Turks have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

98.3% of the urban population and 85.5% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Turkey releases 319.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 9th highest in Asia.
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Education

Turkey spends 4.8% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Turkey. Primary education is for five years until age 11 and secondary education must continue till 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 2 terms and starts in the middle of September and finishes in the middle of June. There is usually a 2 week break at the end of January.

93.6% of females and 98.6% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

20.5% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 25.6% are unemployed while with males 17.7% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Turkey is 31.30 million.

turkeyThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
11.2% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 91 paved airports in Turkey, which is the 8th highest number in Asia.
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There are 12,008 kilometres of railways in Turkey, the 6th longest in Asia.
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There are 352,268 kilometres of roads in Turkey, which means Turkey is in 5th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.
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There are 6 major national newspapers in Turkey.

There are 75.06 million mobile phone users.

14% of the people have a fixed landline.

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46.84 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates