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Tuvalu is a group of 9 islands which form a country in Oceania. Together with 2 other countries, Tuvalua forms a group of islands known as Polynesia.

Tuvalu is in the Pacific Ocean.

The land is low lying.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Tuvalu, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 8 00S
Longitude - 178 00E

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About

Check the weather in Funafuti now.


This is the time in Funafuti now


tuvalu The Tuvaluan flag is light blue with the flag of the United Kingdom in the top, flag pole quarter. The remainder of the lfag has nine yellow starts, representing the nine atolls which make up the country.

The capital of Tuvalu is Funafuti.

Tuvalu is a parliamentary democracy with a Prime Minister as head of government. The British monarch is Head of State represented by a governor general.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Tuvalu is the Tuvaluan dollar. Tuvalu is a member of the Commonwealth.

English and Tuvaluan are the official languages.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Tuvalu to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Tuvalu is 26 sq kms which is the 13th largest in Oceania.

Tuvalu has no lakes, rivers and canals.

Tuvalu has no boundaries with other countries.

Tuvalu has a coastline of 24 kms which is the 14th longest in Oceania.

The highest point in Tuvalu is unnamed at 5 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. tuvalu
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People

The total population of Tuvalu is 11,052 people, making it the 13th largest country in Oceania by population.

Of this number 5,592 are females and 5,460 are males.

A person from Tuvalu is called a Tuvaluan.

To be a citizen of Tuvalu you can either be born in Tuvalu or one of your parents must be a citizen of Tuvalu.

The largest five cities in Tuvalu, by population are:-

  • Funafuti 4,492 people
  • Savave village 586
  • Motufoua School 506
  • Teava village 439
  • Tanrake village 408
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. tuvaluEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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59.7% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Tuvalu is 23.8 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Tuvalu is 8.6 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 27.2 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 32.5 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 26.8 and for males is 24.4. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 23.5.

The elderly dependency ratio is 9.7. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 10.3. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Tuvalu spends 16.5% of its total income on health care.

There are 1.09 doctors per 1,000 people.

We have no figures for the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people.

51.6% of the population are estimated as obese.

98.3% of the urban population and 97.0% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

86.3% of the urban population and 80.2% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



We have no figures for the amount of metric tons of carbon dioxide Tuvalu releases by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy.
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Education

We have no figures for the amount Tuvalu spends of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Tuvalu. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 14 but can go on to 18/19. There is no further education available in Tuvalu.

We are awaiting information about the school terms in Tuvalu.

We have no figures for the number of people who are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in Tuvalu is 3,615.

We have no figures for which sectors they work in or the number of the workforce are unemployed.

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Travel



There is 1 paved airport in Tuvalu, which is the 12th highest number in Oceania.
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There are no railways in Tuvalu.
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There are 8 kilometres of roads in Tuvalu, which means Tuvalu is in 13th place for the most kilometres of roads in Oceania.
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There are no major national newspapers in Tuvalu.

There are 7,600 mobile phone users.

18% of the people have a fixed landline.

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5,042 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates