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Antigua and Barbuda are 2 of the Leeward Islands who form one country in the south of North America.

Antigua and Barbuda are both surrounded by the Caribbean Sea.

The land is a mixture of mountains and plains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Antigua and Barbuda, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 17 03N
Longitude - 61 48W

antigua
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About

Check the weather in St John's now.


This is the time in St John's now


antigua The Antiguan and Barbudan flag is red with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge. The triangle contains 3 horizontal bands of black, at the top, blue and white with a yellow rising sun in the black band.

The capital of Antigua and Barbuda is St John's on Antigua.

Antigua and Barbuda is a parliamentary democracy with a Prime Minister as head of government. The British monarch is Head of State.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Antigua and Barbuda is the East Caribbean dollar. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Commonwealth.

English is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem


These are the anthem words


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We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Antigua to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.
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Land

The total land area of Antigua and Barbuda is 443 sq kms which is the 19th largest in North America.

Antigua and Barbuda has no lakes, rivers and canals.

Antigua and Barbuda has no boundaries with other countries.

Antigua and Barbuda has a coastline of 153 kms which is the 18th longest in North America.

The highest point in Antigua and Barbuda is Mount Obama on Antigua at 402 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. antigua
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People

The total population of Antigua and Barbuda is 93,581 people, making it the 21st largest country in North America by population.

Of this number 49,314 are females and 44,267 are males.

A person from Antigua and Barbuda is either an Antiguan or a Barbudan.

To be a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda you must be born in Antigua or Barbuda or one of your parents must be a citizen of Antigua or Barbuda. You have to live in Antigua and Barbuda for 7 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Antigua and Barbuda, all on Antigua, by population are:-

  • St John's 22,426 people
  • All Saints 2,526
  • Piggotts 1,878
  • Liberta 1,668
  • Bolands 1,657
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. antiguaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.

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23.8% of the people live in cities or towns.
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Life

The birth rate in Antigua is 15.8 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Antigua is 5.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 10.5 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 14.4 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 33.2 and for males is 29.8. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 9.6. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 10.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

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health



Antigua spends 5.3% of its total income on health care.

We have no figures for the number of doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 2.1 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

18.9% of the population are estimated as obese.

97.9% of the urban population and 97.9% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

91.4% of the urban population and 91.4% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.



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Antigua and Barbuda releases 0.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 19th highest in North America.
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Education

Antigua spends 2.6% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in Antigua. Primary education is for seven years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 17. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

We are awaiting information about the school year in Antigua.

99.4% of females and 98.4% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in Antigua and Barbuda is 30,000.

antiguaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
11.0% of the workforce are unemployed.
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Travel



There are 2 paved airports in Antigua and Barbuda, which is the 18th highest number in North America.
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There are no railways in Antigua and Barbuda.
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There are 386 kilometres of roads in Antigua and Barbuda, which means Antigua and Barbuda is in 22nd place for the most kilometres of roads in North America.
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There are 2 major national newspapers in Antigua.

There are 126,000 mobile phone users.

13% of the people have a fixed landline.

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60,000 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).
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Facts dates