Armenia is a below average size country in the west of Asia.
Armenia is a landlocked country and has no coastline.
The land is mainly mountains.
The geographical coordinates for the centre of Armenia, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 40 00N
Longitude - 45 00E
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The Armenian flag is 3 equal horizontal stripes of red, on the top, blue and orange. The red is for the blood shed for freedom, the blue is for the sky and the orange for the land.
The total land area of Armenia is 28,203 sq kms which is the 39th largest in Asia.
Armenia has lakes, rivers and canals which total 1,540 sq kms.
Armenia has boundaries with 4 countries
Armenia has no coastline.
The highest point in Armenia is Aragats Lerrnagagat at 4,090 metres.
The total population of Armenia is 3.05 million people, making it the 40th largest country in Asia by population.
Of this number 1.57 million are females and 1.48 million are males.
A person from Armenia is called an Armenian.
To be a citizen of Armenia, one of your parents must be a citizen of Armenia. It is not sufficient to be born in Armenia. You have to live in Armenia for 3 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.
The largest five cities in Armenia, by population are:-
The birth rate in Armenia is 13.3 births per 1,000 of population
The death rate in Armenia is 9.4 deaths per 1,000 people.
Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.
There are 11.5 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 14.5 deaths of boys.
The median age for females is 36.5 and for males is 32.8. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.
The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 24.4.
The elderly dependency ratio is 15.8. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).
The potential support ratio is 6.3. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
Armenia spends 4.5% of its total income on health care.
There are 2.70 doctors per 1,000 people.
There are 3.9 hospital beds per 1,000 people.
20.2% of the population are estimated as obese.
100% of Armenians have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.
96.2% of the urban population and 78.2% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.
Armenia spends 2.8% of its total income on education.
Children usually start school at age 6 in Armenia. Primary education is for four years until age 10 and secondary education must continue till 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.
Generally the school year consists of 4 terms and starts in the middle of August and finishes in the middle of June. There is no break between terms 1 and 2, a 2 week break at Christmas and a 1 week break at Easter.
99.6% of females and 99.7% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.
36.3% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 45.7% are unemployed while with males 29.5% can't find work.
The total number of people available for work in Armenia is 1.51 million.
They work in the following sectors.
There are 10 paved airports in Armenia, which is the 39th highest number in Asia.
There are 780 kilometres of railways in Armenia, the 29th longest in Asia.
There are 7,792 kilometres of roads in Armenia, which means Armenia is in 33rd place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.