Back to the Flags of Asia page
The Tudors

Break Location

Turkmenistan is a large country in central Asia.

Turkmenistan is a landlocked country with no coastal borders.

The land is a mixture of mountains and deserts.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Turkmenistan, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 40 00N
Longitude - 60 00E


about   Back to the top


Check the weather in Ashgabat now.

This is the time in Ashgabat now

turkmenistan The Turkmen flag is green with a vertical red stripe near to the flag pole side. The red stripe contains five different designs, stacked vertically and above two crossed olive branches. Five white stars and a crescent moon are to the left of the red stripe.

The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat.

Turkmenistan is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Turkmenistan is the Turkmenistani Manat.

Turkmen is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Turkmenistan to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

about   Back to the top



The total land area of Turkmenistan is 469,930 sq kms which is the 15th largest in Asia.

Turkmenistan has lakes, rivers and canals which total 18,170 sq kms.

Turkmenistan has boundaries with 4 countries

  • Uzbekistan 1,793 kms
  • Iran 1,148 kms
  • Afghanistan 804 kms
  • Kazakhstan 413 kms

Turkmenistan has no coastline.

The highest point in Turkmenistan is Gora Ayribaba at 3,139 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. turkmenistan

about   Back to the top


The total population of Turkmenistan is 5.29 million people, making it the 37th largest country in Asia by population.

Of this number 2.67 million are females and 2.62 million are males.

A person from Turkmenistan is called a Turkmen.

To be a citizen of Turkmenistan, one of your parents must be a citizen of Turkmenistan. It is not sufficient to be born in Turkmenistan. You have to live in Turkmenistan for 7 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Turkmenistan, by population are:-

  • Ashgabat 727,700 people
  • Turkmenabat 234,817
  • Dashoguz 166,500
  • Mary 114,680
  • Balkanabat 87,822
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. turkmenistanEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


50.0% of the people live in cities or towns.

about   Back to the top


The birth rate in Turkmenistan is 15.3 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Turkmenistan is 6.1 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 28.1 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 42.7 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 28.4 and for males is 27.5. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 24.6.

The elderly dependency ratio is 6.2. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 16.1. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

turkmenistan turkmenistan

about   Back to the top


Turkmenistan spends 2.1% of its total income on health care.

There are 2.29 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 4.0 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

18.6% of the population are estimated as obese.

89.1% of the urban population and 53.7% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

100% of the urban population and 98.2% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Turkmenistan releases 67.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 23rd highest in Asia.

about   Back to the top


Turkmenistan spends 3.0% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Turkmenistan. Primary education is for four years until age 10 and secondary education must continue till 16 but can go on to 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year starts in the first week of September and finishes at the end of May.

99.6% of females and 99.8% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

We have no figures for the number of people aged between 16 and 24 who are not in work.

The total number of people available for work in Turkmenistan is 2.31 million.

turkmenistanThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
11.0% of the workforce are unemployed.

about   Back to the top


There are 21 paved airports in Turkmenistan, which is the 26th highest number in Asia.

There are 5,113 kilometres of railways in Turkmenistan, the 12th longest in Asia.

There are 47,577 kilometres of roads in Turkmenistan, which means Turkmenistan is in 18th place for the most kilometres of roads in Asia.

There are 3 major national newspapers in Turkmenistan.

There are 8.58 million mobile phone users.

13% of the people have a fixed landline.


0.96 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

about   Back to the top

Facts dates