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Egypt is a vast country in the north east of Africa.

Egypt borders the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

The land is mostly a flat, dessert plateau with the Nile Valley in the east.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Egypt, also known as lines of latitude and longitude, are:-
Latitude - 27 00N
Longitude - 30 00E


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Check the weather in Cairo now.

This is the time in Cairo now

egypt The Egyptian flag is three equal horizontal stripes of red (top), white, and black. The national emblem of Egypt, a gold Eagle of Saladin, faces the flagpole side with a shield on its chest. Below that is a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic. This is in the middle of the white stripe. The colours represent oppression (black), overcome through a bloody struggle (red) and to be replaced by a bright future (white).

The capital of Egypt is Cairo.

Egypt is a semi-presidential republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 must vote.

The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound.

Arabic is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Egypt to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Egypt is 995,450 sq kms which is the 12th largest in Africa.

Egypt has lakes, rivers and canals which total 6,000 sq kms.

Egypt has boundaries with 4 countries

  • Sudan 1,276 kms
  • Libya 1,115 kms
  • Israel 208 kms
  • Palestine Territories 13 kms

Egypt has a coastline of 2,450 kms which is the 5th longest in Africa.

The highest point in Egypt is Carrauntoohil at 2,629 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. egypt

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The total population of Egypt is 99.41 million people, making it the 3rd largest country in Africa by population.

Of this number 48.61 million are females and 50.80 million are males.

A person from Egypt is called an Egyptian.

To be a citizen of Egypt, your father must be a citizen of Egypt. It is not sufficient to be born in Egypt. You have to live in Egypt for 10 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Egypt, by population are:-

  • Cairo 7,734,614 people
  • Alexandria 3,811,516
  • Giza 2,443,403
  • Port Said 538,378
  • Suez 488,125
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. egyptEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


42.7% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Egypt is 28.8 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Egypt is 4.5 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 17.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 18.5 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 24.3 and for males is 23.6. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 22.7.

The elderly dependency ratio is 8.2. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 12.2. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

egypt egypt

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Egypt spends 5.6% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.81 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 1.6 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

32.0% of the population are estimated as obese.

100% of the urban population and 99% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

96.8% of the urban population and 93.1% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer, a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Egypt releases 207.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 2nd highest in Africa.

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We have no figures for the amount Egypt spends of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Egypt. Primary education is for six years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the first week of September and finishes in the middle of June. There is usually a 3 week break at Christmas and Easter, and a one week break in the middle of each of the first two terms.

75% of females and 86.5% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

30.8% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 38.5% are unemployed while with males 27.2% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Egypt is 29.95 million.

egyptThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
12.2% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 72 paved airports in Egypt, which is the 2nd highest number in Africa.

There are 5,085 kilometres of railways in Egypt, the 2nd longest in Africa.

There are 137,430 kilometres of roads in Egypt, which means Egypt is in 5th place for the most kilometres of roads in Africa.

There are 8 major national newspapers in Egypt.

There are 102.96 million mobile phone users.

24% of the people have a fixed landline.


37.12 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates