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Malawi is an average size landlocked country in south east Africa.

Malawi has no coastal borders.

The land is a mixture of rolling plains and hills with some mountains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Malawi, also known as lines of latitude and longitude, are:-
Latitude - 13 30S
Longitude - 34 00E


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Check the weather in Lilongwe now.

This is the time in Lilongwe now

malawi The Malawian flag is three equal horizontal stripes of black, at the top, red and green with a semi-circular, rising, red sun centred on the black band. Black represents the native peoples, red the blood shed in their struggle for freedom, and green the color of nature. The rising sun represents the hope of freedom for the continent of Africa

The capital of Malawi is Lilongwe.

Malawi is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Malawi is the Malawi kwacha. Malawi is a member of the Commonwealth.

English is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Malawi to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Malawi is 94,080 sq kms which is the 40th largest in Africa.

Malawi has lakes, rivers and canals which total 24,404 sq kms.

Malawi has boundaries with 3 countries

  • Mozambique 1,498 kms
  • Zambia 847 kms
  • Tanzania 512 kms

Malawi has no coastline.

The highest point in Malawi is Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) at 3,002 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. malawi

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The total population of Malawi is 19.84 million people, making it the 20th largest country in Africa by population.

Of this number 10.03 million are females and 9.81 million are males.

A person from Malawi is called a Malawian.

To be a citizen of Malawi, one of your parents must be a citizen of Malawi. It is not sufficient to be born in Malawi. You have to live in Malawi for 7 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Malawi, by population are:-

  • Lilongwe 646,750 people
  • Blantyre 584,877
  • Mzuzu 175,345
  • Zomba 80,932
  • Kasungu 42,555
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. malawiEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


15.9% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Malawi is 40.7 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Malawi is 7.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 35.5 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 48.6 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 16.8 and for males is 16.5. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 18.9.

The elderly dependency ratio is 5.7. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 17.4. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

malawi malawi

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Malawi spends 11.4% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.02 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 1.3 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

5.8% of the population are estimated as obese.

95.7% of the urban population and 89.1% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

47.3% of the urban population and 39.8% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer, a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Malawi releases 1.9 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 31st highest in Africa.

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Malawi spends 4.0% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Malawi. Primary education is for eight years until age 14 and secondary education can continue till 18. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the middle of September and finishes at the end of July. There is usually a 3 week break at Christmas and a 2 week break at Easter.

55.2% of females and 69.8% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

8.5% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 10.6% are unemployed while with males 6.7% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Malawi is 7.00 million.

malawiThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
20.4% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 7 paved airports in Malawi, which is the 31st highest number in Africa.

There are 767 kilometres of railways in Malawi, the 24th longest in Africa.

There are 15,450 kilometres of roads in Malawi, which means Malawi is in 31st place for the most kilometres of roads in Africa.

There are 2 major national newspapers in Malawi.

There are 17.34 million mobile phone users.

Less than 1% of the people have a fixed landline.


1.79 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates