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Mozambique is a vast country in south east Africa.

Mozambique borders the Indian Ocean.

The land is mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Mozambique, also known as lines of latitude and longitude, are:-
Latitude - 18 15S
Longitude - 35 00E


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Check the weather in Maputo now.

This is the time in Maputo now

mozambique The Mozambican flag is three equal horizontal stripes of green, at the top, black and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the flagpole side. The black band is edged in white, In the centre of the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and a hoe in black superimposed on an open white book. The green represents the riches of the land, white peace, black the African continent, yellow the country's minerals and red the struggle for independence. The rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance, the hoe refers to the country's agriculture, the open book stresses the importance of education and the star represents Marxism and internationalism.

The capital of Mozambique is Maputo.

Mozambique is a presidential republic with a president as head of state and head of the government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Mozambique is the metical. Mozambique is a member of the Commonwealth.

Portuguese is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Mozambique to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Mozambique is 786,380 sq kms which is the 16th largest in Africa.

Mozambique has lakes, rivers and canals which total 13,000 sq kms.

Mozambique has boundaries with 6 countries

  • Malawi 1,498 kms
  • Zimbabwe 1,402 kms
  • Tanzania 840 kms
  • South Africa 496 kms
  • Zambia 439 kms
  • eSwatini 108 kms

Mozambique has a coastline of 2,470 kms which is the 4th longest in Africa.

The highest point in Mozambique is Monte Binga at 2,436 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. mozambique

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The total population of Mozambique is 27.23 million people, making it the 13th largest country in Africa by population.

Of this number 13.89 million are females and 13.34 million are males.

A person from Mozambique is called a Mozambican.

To be a citizen of Mozambique, one of your parents must be a citizen of Mozambique. It is not sufficient to be born in Mozambique. You have to live in Mozambique for 5 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Mozambique, by population are:-

  • Maputo 1,191,613 people
  • Matola 675,422
  • Beira 530,604
  • Nampula 388,526
  • Chimoio 256,936
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. mozambiqueEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


36.0% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Mozambique is 37.8 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Mozambique is 11.4 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 62.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 66.0 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 17.8 and for males is 16.7. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 18.9.

The elderly dependency ratio is 6.1. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 16.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

mozambique mozambique

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Mozambique spends 7.0% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.07 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 0.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

7.2% of the population are estimated as obese.

80.6% of the urban population and 37.0% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

42.4% of the urban population and 10.1% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer, a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Mozambique releases 3.9 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 24th highest in Africa.

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Mozambique spends 6.5% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Mozambique. Primary education is for seven years until age 13 and secondary education can continue till 18. We are not sure how much of this is coompulsory education. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the first week of February and finishes in the middle of November. There is usually a 1week break at the beginning of May and a 2 week break in the middle of August.

43.1% of femlaes and 70.8% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

7.4% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 7.1% are unemployed while with males 7.7% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Mozambique is 12.90 million.

mozambiqueThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
24.5% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 21 paved airports in Mozambique, which is the 10th highest number in Africa.

There are 3,116 kilometres of railways in Mozambique, the 7th longest in Africa.

There are 32,059 kilometres of roads in Mozambique, which means Mozambique is in 20th place for the most kilometres of roads in Africa.

There are 3 major national newspapers in Mozambique.

There are 11.88 million mobile phone users.

Less than 1% of the people have a fixed landline.


4.54 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates