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Nicaragua is an above average size country in the south of North America.

Nicaragua has a border on the Caribbean Sea in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west.

The land is a mixture of mountains, in the interior, and coastal plains. The Pacific coast has a number of active and extinct volcanoes.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Nicaragua, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 13 00N
Longitude - 85 00W


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Check the weather in Managua now.

This is the time in Managua now

nicaragua The Nicaraguan flag is 3 equal horizontal stripes of blue, white and blue. The national coat of arms is in the centre of the white stripe. The coat of arms is a triangle surrounded by the words Republica De Nicaragua at the top and America Central at the bottom. The triangle contains among its symbols a rainbow, and 5 volcanoes.

The capital of Nicaragua is Managua.

Nicaragua is a presidential republic with a president as head of government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Nicaragua is the cordoba.

Spanish is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Nicaragua to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Nicaragua is 119,990 sq kms which is the 4th largest in North America.

Nicaragua has lakes, rivers and canals which total 10,380 sq kms.

Nicaragua has boundaries with 2 countries

  • Honduras 940 kms
  • Costa Rica 313

Nicaragua has a coastline of 910 kms which is the 11th longest in North America.

The highest point in Nicaragua is Mogoton at 2,085 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. nicaragua

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The total population of Nicaragua is 5.97 million people, making it the 10th largest country in North America by population.

Of this number 3.05 million are females and 2.92 million are males.

A person from Nicaragua is called a Nicaraguan.

To be a citizen of Nicaragua you must be born in Nicargua or one of your parents must be a citizen of Nicaragua. You have to live in Nicaragua for 4 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Nicaragua, by population are:-

  • Managua 973,087 people
  • Leon 144,538
  • Masaya 130,113
  • Tipitapa 127,153
  • Chinandega 126,387
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. nicaraguaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


58.8% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Nicaragua is 17.9 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Nicaragua is 5.1 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 16.0 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 21.8 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 26.0 and for males is 24.3. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

The average age of a woman when she has her first child is 19.2.

The elderly dependency ratio is 7.8. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 12.8. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

nicaragua nicaragua

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Nicaragua spends 9.0% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.90 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 0.9 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

23.7% of the population are estimated as obese.

99.3% of the urban population and 69.4% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

76.5% of the urban population and 55.7% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Nicaragua releases 5.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 13th highest in North America.

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Nicaragua spends 4.5% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 6 in Nicaragua. Primary education is for nine years until age 15 and is compulsory. Secondary education can continue till 17. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 1 term and starts in the first week of February and finishes at the end of November. I have been unable to find out if there are any breaks during the year.

83.2% of females and 82.4% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

8.5% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 12.9% are unemployed while with males 6.4% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Nicaragua is 3.01 million.

nicaraguaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
6.0% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 12 paved airports in Nicaragua, which is the 11th highest number in North America.

There are 0 kilometres of railways in Nicaragua.

There are 3,346 kilometres of roads in Nicaragua, which means Nicaragua is in 13th place for the most kilometres of roads in North America.

There are 2 major national newspapers in Nicaragua.

There are 7.26 million mobile phone users.

6% of the people have a fixed landline.


1.16 million people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates