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St Lucia is one of the Windward island countries in the south of North America.

St Lucia has a border on the west side with the Caribbean Sea and on the east with the Atlantic Ocean.

The land is volcanic mountains with broad valleys.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of St Lucia, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 13 53N
Longitude - 16 58W


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Check the weather in Vigie, which is just north of the capital, now.

This is the time in Castries now

stlucia The St Lucian flag is blue with a gold isosceles triangle in the centre below a black arrowhead. The sides of the arrowhead have a white border. The blue represents sea and sky, the gold is for sunshine and prosperity and the white and black for the races which make up the island with black being the greater in size. The two triangles also represent two volcanoes.

The capital of St Lucia is Castries.

St Lucia is a parliamentary democracy with a Prime Minister as head of government. The British monarch is Head of State represented by a governor general.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in St Lucia is the East Caribbean dollar. St Lucia is a member of the Commonwealth.

English is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in St Lucia to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of St Lucia is 606 sq kms which is the 18th largest in North America.

St Lucia has lakes, rivers and canals which total 10 sq kms.

St Lucia has no boundaries with other countries.

St Lucia has a coastline of 158 kms which is the 17th longest in North America.

The highest point in St Lucia is Mount Gimie at 948 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. stlucia

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The total population of St Lucia is 164,464 people, making it the 18th largest country in North America by population.

Of this number 84,378 million are females and 80,086 million are males.

A person from St Lucia is called a St Lucian.

To be a citizen of St Lucia you must be born in St Lucia or one of your parents must be a citizen of St Lucia. You have to live in St Lucia for 8 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in St Lucia, by population are:-

  • Castries 20,000 people
  • Bisee 12,980
  • Vieux Fort 4,574
  • Micoud 3,406
  • Soufriere 2,918
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. stluciaEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


18.5% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in St Lucia is 13.5 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in St Lucia is 7.6 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 11.7 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 10.7 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 36.6 and for males is 34.3. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 13.3. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 7.5. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

stlucia stlucia

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St Lucia spends 6.7% of its total income on health care.

There are 0.11 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 1.6 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

19.7% of the population are estimated as obese.

99.5% of the urban population and 95.6% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

84.7% of the urban population and 91.9% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


St Lucia releases 0.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 20th highest in North America.

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St Lucia spends 4.8% of its total income on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in St Lucia. Primary education is for seven years until age 12 and secondary education must continue till 15 but can go on to 17. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the first week of September and finishes at the beginning of July. There is usually a 3 week break at Christmas and a 2 week break at Easter.

We have no figures for the number of people who are able to read and write by the age of 15.

46.2% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 51.0% are unemployed while with males 42.6% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in St Lucia is 79,700.

stluciaThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
20.0% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 2 paved airports in St Lucia, which is the 21st highest number in North America.

There are no railways in St Lucia.

There are 96,036 kilometres of roads in St Lucia, which means St Lucia is in 14th place for the most kilometres of roads in Europe.

There are no major national newspapers in St Lucia.

There are 188,00 mobile phone users.

21% of the people have a fixed landline.


86,000 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates