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Trinidad and Tobago are 2 separate islands which a part of the Windward Islands and form one country in the south of North America.

Trinidad and Tobago are both in the Caribbean Sea with eastern borders on the Atlantic Ocean.

The land is a mostly plains with some hills and low mountains.

The geographical coordinates for the centre of Trinidad and Tobago, also known as lines of latitude and longtitude, are:-
Latitude - 11 00N
Longitude - 61 00W


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Check the weather in Port of Spain now.

This is the time in Port of Spain now

trinidad The Trinidad and Tobago flag is red with a white-edged black diagonal stripe running from the top of the flag on the flag pole side to the bottom of the flag on the far side.

The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain, on the island of Trinidad.

Trinidad and Tobago is a parliamentary republic with a President as head of state and a Prime Minister as head of government.

In elections everyone over the age of 18 can vote.

The currency in Trinidad and Tobago is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar. Trinidad and Tobago is a member of the Commonwealth.

English is the official language.

Hear the National Anthem

These are the anthem words


We have already written our own history of England but are asking schools in Trinidad and Tobago to provide us with a detailed history of their own country. Check how here.

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The total land area of Trinidad and Tobago is 5,128 sq kms which is the 16th largest in North America.

Trinidad and Tobago has no lakes, rivers and canals.

Trinidad and Tobago has no boundaries with other countries.

Trinidad and Tobago has a coastline of 362 kms which is the 15th longest in North America.

The highest point in Trinidad and Tobago is El Cerro del Aripo at 940 metres.

The pie chart below shows how the land is split between agricultural land (crops and pastures), forests and other, which can be towns, villages, desert or frozen waste called tundra. trinidad

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The total population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1.22 million people, making it the 14th largest country in North America by population.

Of this number 0.60 million are females and 0.62 million are males.

A person from Trinidad and Tobago is either called a Trinidadian and Tobagonian.

To be a citizen of Trinidad and Tobago you must be born in Trinidad or Tobago or one of your parents must be a citizen of Trinidad or Tobago. It is not sufficient to be born in Trinidad and Tobago. You have to live in Trinidad and Tobago for 8 years before you can begin to apply for citizenship.

The largest five cities in Trinidad and Tobago, all on Trinidad, by population are:-

  • Laventille 157,258 people
  • Chaguanas 67,433
  • Mon Repos 56,380
  • San Fernando 55,419
  • Port of Spain 49,031
For each country we will give you a diagram showing the population density. This is the average number of people for each square kilometre. trinidadEach little Owlbut is 1 person and the big yellow rectangle is 1 sq km. After a while you can compare countries and see which ones are the most crowded. Remember it is only an average as more people live closer together in towns and cities than in villages out in the country.


8.4% of the people live in cities or towns.

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The birth rate in Trinidad and Tobago is 13.1 births per 1,000 of population

The death rate in Trinidad and Tobago is 8.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

Check this against the birth rate. If the death rate is higher than the birth rate then the population will decrease unless immigrants arrive in the country.

There are 21.7 deaths of girls under 1 year per 1,000 of births and 24.4 deaths of boys.

The median age for females is 36.0 and for males is 35.0. The median age is that age which divides the population exactly in half so there are the same number of people above the median age as below it.

We have no figures for the average age of a woman when she has her first child.

The elderly dependency ratio is 13.5. This is the number of elderly people (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64).

The potential support ratio is 7.4. This is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

trinidad trinidad

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Trinidad and Tobago spends 5.9% of its total income on health care.

There are 1.18 doctors per 1,000 people.

There are 2.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

18.6% of the population are estimated as obese.

95.1% of the urban population and 95.1% of the rural population have drinking water that is either piped into their home or they have access to a public tap, a protected borehole, well, spring or protected rainwater collection facility.

91.5% of the urban population and 91.5% of the rural population have access to a flushing toilet that is connected to a sewer. a pit latrine (that is a permanent hole in the ground that is looked after) or a composting toilet.


Trinidad and Tobago releases 48.0 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. This puts it as the 4th highest in North America.

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We have no figures for how Trinidad and Tobago spends on education.

Children usually start school at age 5 in Trinidad and Tobago. Primary education is for six years until age 11 and secondary education must continue till 16 but can go on to 18/19. This may be followed by further education at a university or college.

Generally the school year consists of 3 terms and starts in the first week of September and finishes at the beginning of July. There is usually a 3 week break at Christmas and a 2 week break at Easter.

98.7% of females and 99.2% of males are able to read and write by the age of 15.

7.1% of all people aged between 16 and 24 are not in work. Among females 6.9% are unemployed while with males 7.2% can't find work.

The total number of people available for work in Trinidad and Tobago is 629,700.

trinidadThey work in the following sectors.

  • Agriculture includes farming, fishing and forestry work
  • Industry includes mining, manufacturing, construction and energy workers
  • Services is everything else
3.6% of the workforce are unemployed.

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There are 2 paved airports in Trinidad and Tobago, which is the 22nd highest number in North America.

There are no railways in Trinidad and Tobago.

There are 5,524 kilometres of roads in Trinidad and Tobago, which means Trinidad and Tobago is in 10th place for the most kilometres of roads in North America.

There are 3 major national newspapers in Trinidad and Tobago.

There are 2.12 million mobile phone users.

22% of the people have a fixed landline.


846,000 people have access to the internet at home via any device (computer or mobile).

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Facts dates